B: COLLIE COLOURS ACCORDING TO THE STANDARD
C: NEUTERING/SPAYING YOUR COLLIE
D: DESIGNER DOGS: JOKE OR HOAX?
E: REGISTRATION PAPERS OR PEDIGREE PAPERS – WHAT DO THEY REALLY MEAN?
The first thing to know is that each breed of dog is different in appearance and each breed also has its own character traits. The main character traits of a breed often reflect the purpose for which that breed was developed. Collies are sheepdogs and although most these days will never work as sheepdogs their attitude, temperament and physical characteristics should still reflect their sheepdog birthright.
There are two varieties of collies, but they both are the same breed. There is the well-known collie (rough) who has the long, thick glamorous coat, and there is the collie (smooth) who has a short, dense coat. The smooths have a coat that is easier to care for, but they are not as well known as the rough variety, who were made famous by the Lassie movies. Because the roughs and smooths are one breed the varieties can be interbred and in the resulting litter there usually will be both rough and smooth coated puppies.
It is believed that the rough, with their big insulating coats, worked in the highlands of Scotland and Ireland, while the smooths worked in the lowlands where temperatures were often slightly warmer. Both had very similar jobs, although we think the smooth had a greater role in droving sheep to market along lanes and roads, while the rough’s main tasks were herding and maintaining a flock on the hills and moors.
Both varieties of the collies (roughs and smooths) share the same breed characteristics, which is what would be expected, as they are the same breed. However breeders and owners have noted minor differences in personality between the collie (rough) and the collie (smooth). The smooth is a little more active and robust and often is described as “already doing it, while the rough is still thinking about it”. Both varieties are easy to train and very intelligent.
The collie was originally bred to work with a shepherd in caring for sheep. A dog entrusted with this job must be able to work with a person and take directions but be intelligent enough to think for themselves when required to do so. They had to be alert and watchful of their flocks. They also needed to be gentle, nurturing dogs, as it was sometimes their job to find lost lambs and bring back sick sheep. As a sheepdog they were required not to be too friendly with strangers. The shepherd needed a loyal, staunch companion, not a dog who would socialize all over the district. It was necessary for them to be active when there was a job to be done but to be calm and quiet when the sheep and shepherd were resting.
Even though most collies are not working sheep any longer they still retain the above attributes. They are easily trained and usually do very well in obedience training – however, because of their intelligence they can become bored quickly and do not like to repeat the same lesson over and over again. If they are made to do so, they will often put in their own variations on the task. They will end up doing what was asked but in their way! They are very much a family dog and will take a great interest in all family activities, but frequently they choose one family member who they will consider their master.
Collies usually take a special interest in children, and their herding and minding or nurturing instinct is often applied to them, as well as to other animals. (Sometimes you will get the distinct feeling that your collie is looking after your children so that they don’t come to any harm). They will also be very keen to join in family activities and to go walking, jogging, camping etc, but at the end of the day they will be happy to rest contentedly and quietly with their family.
There have been many well-documented cases where collies have saved or rescued people from dangerous situations and collies feature regularly in the Dog Hero Awards held in America each year. So you can see collies are alert, intelligent and dependable dogs. Your collie might be aloof with strangers. This is what has been required of them as a sheepdog. They are also very good at being able to determine if there is something different or unusual happening in their environment and they will let you know, making them a useful watchdog.
Collies love to play games that require a bit of imagination and the more time and love you give them will determine how well their intelligence and personality will evolve. These can be developed to an extremely high level. The higher the level the more rewarding a companion they will be.
One very important thing to understand when it comes to training or teaching a collie is that they may be led or guided but never pushed. Collies will learn very quickly if treated with kindness and gently shown what is required of them. They will refuse to learn and will generally sulk and become very stubborn if they are shouted at or handled roughly. If you treat your collie poorly it can become almost impossible to undo the damage – they do not forgive intended transgressions. However, they will immediately forgive genuine mishaps, such as accidentally stepping on them. They always know the difference between an intended action and an accident. They also have a highly developed sense of humour and thoroughly enjoy being in on a good joke, but they will be offended if they think the joke is on them and they are being laughed at. Some collies will even “smile” by pulling their lips above their teeth. Many individuals of this breed will also “talk” to you, by making vocal sounds in response to you talking to them.
This lovely breed (both varieties) is very gentle and sensitive and has an intelligent playfulness and cheekiness that will endear them to you forever. They make loyal and constant companions.
By: Mim Bester
There can be quite a variance of colour in collies, but the colours that are stated in the English Standard (which is the Standard Australian breeders adhere to), are quoted here:
NOTE: If a collie is coloured differently to the above descriptions, it does not make them less worthy as a pet and sometimes even as breeding stock depending on the specific deviation. It just means that they might have difficulty competing in the show ring as they would not conform to the Standard1.
1. Every breed of dog recognised by the Australian National Kennel Council (ANKC) has a written Breed Standard. The Standard describes what the perfect dog of that breed should look like. It is used by breeders in our efforts to breed the most correct dog possible. (Perfection is NEVER completely attained in any one specimen). The Standard is used by Judges to determine which dog best fits the description of their breed. Each Breed Standard is quite detailed and what might be a fault in one breed may be a desired trait in another breed. For example: it is a fault for a collie to carry their tail curled over on their back, but this is what is required of the samoyed. Standards for the same breed can also differ slightly from country to country. For example the American Collie Standard describes the collie very closely to the English Standard with just a couple of minor variations. One is size. The American Standard allows for collies to be up to two inches taller than what is required by English Standard.
Australian breeders use the Standard of Country of Origin of the Breed or where the breed was developed. Thus collie breeders abide by the English Standard for the collie where as german shepherd breeders use the German Standard as their model.
If you would like to read the Collie Standard click on the following links:
Smooth Collie Pictorial Standard (When opened click again on poster to increase size)
By: Mim Bester
The truth is that both dogs and bitches usually make better and easier to keep pets if they are neutered, but most importantly you will be decreasing risks to their health.
Any Baqilodge collie sold as a companion/pet should NOT be bred from. Breeding collies should not be taken lightly and is a time consuming and expensive hobby. There is very little to gain from breeding unless you are committed to the breed and are prepared to learn and to study at great length. Breeding is a passion and an art form. There are no financial gains, nor material rewards.
If you are wishing to breed, I would ask you to talk to me about this. Firstly in any breeding you need quality animals that phenotypically and genetically demonstrate soundness of body and mind and embody the qualities of true collie breed type. Most often puppies sold as pets do not possess all the qualities required for breeding.
Once again, if you are considering breeding collies, please discuss this with me. At the very least, I can help you make educated and appropriate plans. I can also help with any difficulties that might present.
Now back to the subject of neutering/spaying:
It is recommended that a bitch puppy be spayed before her first season.
There is no scientific evidence that shows that it is better for a bitch to have her first heat cycle before spaying. In fact the opposite is true – especially in relation to mammary tumours and infections.
Reasons for neutering males are:
Your dog’s development, mental or physical, will not be affected by neutering. Spaying however does mean that, in particular, your bitch’s coat texture can become softer and the coat more profuse. Both dogs and bitches DO tend to gain weight quicker and easier after being neutered, regardless of what your vet might tell you! But this is not a good enough reason to not neuter. You will have to pay extra attention to diet and exercise.
PLEASE NEUTER YOUR COLLIE AROUND 7-9 MONTHS OF AGE, FOR YOUR COLLIE’S BENEFIT AND FOR YOUR OWN PEACE OF MIND.
By: Mim Bester
The definition of design is:
What exactly does the term Designer Dog mean?
Does a “designer dog”, in the meaning that we currently think of it, meet the criterion of the above definition of design? NO. They are just a cross breeds who have been bred without a plan (e.g. pedigree).)
Just how much detail do you think goes into the mating of two cross breeds?)
In most instances; no thought, no planning, no health checks – nothing – other than to acquire a breed of dog and breed it with a different breed and then choosing a breed-like name for the offspring. The two animals chosen for breeding will not even be good representatives of their own breeds. How would I know this? Top quality animals of any breed are so highly valued that they are not available in these circles. Quality breeding animals are rarely available to well known registered breeders of long standing with excellent reputations. So these “designer” breedings start with animals that have already been discarded by more professional breeders as not of breeding quality and would have been sold as pets.
Let’s look at the definition of “design” again:
Animals of long standing pedigrees that have been researched, scrutinized, and evaluated fit this description, and could accurately be called a Designer Dog. The PUREBREDS whose breeders have, over many generations, selected the correct elements of breed type, structure, temperament, and health in individual dogs within their breed to carry the correct characteristics into future generations. Dogs bred to a detailed plan (the Standard of the breed – each breed has a written Standard) for the form and structure of the breed, emphasizing features such as it appearance and detailing the efficient function of the breed (e.g. the reason the breed was developed in the first place, i.e. herding dog, hunting dog etc.). These are the true Designer Dogs. Breeders study, plan, research and have had their stock evaluated in the show ring. They constantly assess every aspect of their breeding programmes. THIS IS DESIGN – AND THEY ARE PRODUCING THE TRUE DESIGNER DOGS.
Want to know more about cross breeds?
Unfortunately there often are more harmful consequences to deal with than just the negative term “cross breed”. We know that there are health problems in every breed of dog and dedicated breeders are trying to reduce or eliminate these in their chosen breeds. Many of these problems are breed specific. Orchestrating cross breed matings opens the flood gates for these genetic problems allowing a disease that might be found in a cocker spaniel, for example, to be introduced and mixed with another breed that does not have this problem particular health issue within their breed, should these crossbreds be bred on. Many of the inherited problems are likely to stay hidden for the first generation or maybe even several generations, but at some point it will meet it genetic match and it will then show itself. So now we end up with a cockerpoo who might carry and show deleterious genes that came from the cocker spaniel and genetic defects that are from the poodle. WOW – that was GOOD BREEDING – NOT! Crossbreeding in the hands of experienced breeders can be problematic; in the hands of amateurs it can be catastrophic.
Crossbreeding – the mating of two different breeds, doesn’t guarantee freedom from health issues or temperament problems. In fact many problems are likely to arise and these have been seen and documented by veterinarians. Also reputable breeders who have been or are in the process of developing a breed have noted and have had to deal with serious problems. Many of the so called Designer Dogs are being euthanized or surrendered to Animal Shelters due to temperament or health problems. Families have no idea as to how small or large the dogs will grow or what their energy drive, prey drive and general disposition will be as an adult. So sadly, the puppy that started out as a Designer Dog ends up in the Dog’s Home as a mongrel.
Hybrids are not banned from becoming purebreds. Just recently in Australia the Tenterfield Terriers and Jack Russel Terriers have gone through the processes required to become recognised breeds. The Australian Shepherd was developed in America and is a fairly new breed. During the development process accurate and detailed records have to be kept documenting strict practices and following stringent guidelines and procedures that have to be met over many generations. In fact this is how most of our pure breeds have been established. However, the so called “designer dogs” of today are not interested in developing a breed. They are one generation mutts.
Who is who?
Registered breeders – the true designers of Purebred dogs (DESIGNER DOGS)
Breeders who are in the process of developing a breed – another true designer
Opportunists/ Scammers/and Backyard Breeders – (Hoaxers who have hijacked the term ‘designer dog’ for their cross breeds)
IF YOU WANT A DESIGNER DOG – CHOOSE A TRUE DESIGNER DOG AND BUY A PURE BRED DOG FROM A REPUTABLE BREEDER WHO IS REGISTERED WITH THE APPROPRIATE STATE CANINE CONTROL AND CHECK THE DOG HAS A VALIDATED CERTIFIED CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION AND PEDIGREE PAPERS (THESE PAPERS WILL BE MARKED EITHER LIMITED REGISTER OR MAIN REGISTER)
IF YOU WANT A CROSS BREED – CHOOSE ONE FROM AN ANIMAL SHELTER OR DOG’S HOME. DON’T SUPPORT HOAXERS WITH THEIR SCAMS.
By: Mim Bester
Baqilodge only sells puppies with papers. However there are two types of Registration Papers – Main Register and Limited Register. Puppies that are sold to “show homes” or to breeders, as breeding stock, will be registered on the Main Register. All other puppies are sold on a Limited Register registration:
What do Registration Papers mean?
Simply, registration papers are a pedigree or family tree that has been validated by a recognized animal registry. In Tasmania this is the Tasmanian Canine Control (TCA). A pedigree is a record of your dog’s ancestors: sire (father), dam (mother), grandsire, granddam, great-grandsire and so on.
The TCA will record your dog’s pedigree. This information is kept on file at the TCA’s office. Recorded will be your dog’s registered name, breed, colour, sex, parentage, date of birth and breeder. This information will also show on your pedigree registration papers, as well as any titles your dog’s ancestors have won at sanctioned shows, obedience or performance trials. It will also record if any of your dog’s ancestors have come to Australia from another country in the last three generations.
If you are looking for a pet or companion, you may or may not be interested in more knowing more about their family. However, if you intend to breed or show your dog getting accurate information about their background is absolutely critical. The pedigree will be your keystone to a lot of research that you will need to do before you continue with a breeding plan.
What does it mean to be a Main Register Baqilodge Collie?
Main Register Baqilodge Collie puppies are more expensive than puppies placed on the Limited Registered. Prices of our Main Register puppies are determined by their bloodlines and what those bloodlines can offer to other breeders.
What does it mean to be Limited Register Baqilodge Collie?
1. Should any offspring be born of a Limited Registered dog at a future date they will not be recognized by any of the Canine Control Clubs and therefore cannot be registered. This vastly decreases the value the dog as a breeding animal and also the value of any offspring. Thus making them unattractive to agents or backyard breeders.
2. Limited Register dogs are not eligible for entry into conformation showing. However they are still eligible for all other sanctioned events, including obedience, trialling, herding, agility, therapy dogs, lure coursing, etc., and are definitely recognised as registered purebred dogs.
3. At Baqilodge these puppies, in respect of the above limitations, are priced lower than Main Register listed puppies.
Why are there two different Registers – The Main Register and the Limited Register?
The Limited Register was introduced to facilitate professional breeders – allowing them to sell their purebred stock as healthy companions in the same way that applies to Main Register puppies.
The Limited Registration restriction is aimed to:-
b) stop our precious dogs being used as breeding factories by unscrupulous people posing as breeders and being sold to unwary buyers as show or breeding candidates, and
c) both protect and uphold the value of the bloodlines of professional breeders; a number of which have spent tens of thousands of dollars acquiring stock from the best bloodlines of their breed in the world, including importing from other countries.
(You may remember back in the ’50 when Lassie was a popular TV show. This encouraged many people to want collies of their own – they wanted the beautiful, faithful and loving and intelligent temperament of Lassie. Of course, as always, there were people who saw a quick way to “make a buck” and to supply this market. You also might remember that collies at this time gained a reputation of being “snappy and unreliable with children”. THIS IS NOT THE TRUE COLLIE PERSONAILITY. This is a result of “bad breeding”. When the goal of breeding is just to “supply a market” the emphasis is placed on “money”. So things like proper care (diet, veterinary care, housing, health checks, temperament tests, etc.) all take a back seat as this eats in to any profits. We had people breeding collies who did not even care enough for the breed to research and find the right gene combinations to produce happy, kind collies – let alone anything else. Our lovely breed paid dearly for a selfish human act. It has taken dedicated collie lovers some time to mend the reputation of our gentle breed. Unfortunately the collie is not the only breed to have suffered this way due to media popularity and unprincipled people calling themselves breeders).
However today, responsible breeders can now choose which puppies may continue in their own breeding programs or go into show homes, and other breeding programs. These puppies are placed on the Main Register. All other puppies are placed on the Limited Register. (There is a provision for Limited Register puppies to be upgraded to the Main Register but that is at the discretion of the original breeder).
I would hate for anyone to think that I am suggesting every person wanting a purebred dog has poor intentions – that would be so wrong and totally ludicrous. I am just trying to answer any questions as to why there are two forms of registration.
If you are looking for a well bred dog, that reliably represents the breed you have chosen, it is your job to try and find a professional, ethical and skilled breeder. This can involve a lot of research and ultimately trust. However these breeders DO exist.
If you are thinking of showing or breeding it is imperative that you relay your plans/ideas to the breeders you are hoping to buy from. They can help you make educated decisions. If they feel you are the right person to continue with their line of dogs, they will make sure your puppy is registered on the Main Register.
Regardless if your dog is to be a pet or show dog, I would suggest you look for the high profile breeders who are involved with their breed on a number of levels, e.g. clubs, showing, obedience, rescue, training, teaching, education etc.; Breeders who have national and international contacts; Breeders who are successful in their chosen canine disciplines. These are the breeders who have reputations to protect. They got to their position through hard work, dedication and love of their breed. Don’t hesitate to ask them for references from other breeders, owners of their stock and their veterinarian. Mind you don’t be shocked if they ask you for specific references before they consider you a prospective owner of one of their puppies.